Imagine a driver B who hits the rear end of the car ahead of him, driven by driver A. Driver C, who was following closely behind driver B then hits driver B. In this 3-car fender bender, who is at fault? Determining liability in a multiple-vehicle crash can be problematic. Besides the position of the vehicles, several factors such as the right of way can come into play.
A 3-car fender bender is also called a chain reaction accident. It often involves 3 or more vehicles rear-ending each other. Usually, your best bet of proving fault and receiving damages lies with an experienced Car Accident Attorney.
Here is everything you should know about the fault in these accidents.
Front Car Liability
The front car refers to the first car to be hit or the vehicle at the front of the lineup. The driver of this vehicle is rarely held liable for the accident. However, there are situations where the front car can have contributed to the accident. This includes where the driver made a sudden stop to avoid hitting the car in front of them.
If a front car driver is found to have suddenly braked, liability for the accident can be distributed differently among the three drivers. This is common in comparative negligence states. It can affect the number of damages owed to the driver.
For instance, if a front-driver is found to have contributed 30 percent to the accident, might receive 70 percent of the intended compensation.
Middle Car Liability
The principle of contributory negligence is usually applied to middle car liability. Generally, the middle car driver is held liable for the damages caused to the front car. This remains the case even if the force of impact from the third car caused the accident.
It is also possible for the front car driver to pursue compensation from both the middle and end car drivers. This is common in severe accidents where the middle car driver’s insurance coverage is insufficient to cover the first car’s damages.
End Car Liability
The end car is the last car in a pileup accident. It is usually considered the vehicle that caused the accident and they are held liable for damages caused to the first and middle cars. However, contributory negligence can be argued in situations where the first or middle cars made a sudden brake, causing the end car to ram into them.
The middle driver will usually seek compensation from the last car driver. Depending on the damage, the first car driver can also file a claim against the end car driver. This means that the last driver will usually bear the biggest burden in a 3-car fender bender.
Contact a Ponton Law Car Accident Attorney
3-car fender bender, who is at fault? This question can be difficult to answer. It will often require extensive investigation and the expertise of an attorney. Fortunately, it is possible to get compensated for your losses if you were not to blame for the accident.
Have you been involved in a chain reaction accident? Contact Ponton Law today to discuss the circumstances of your case with a knowledgeable Car Accident Attorney. We will help you determine the liable party and file a claim or lawsuit against them.